Factors Related to the Depression Score in the Elderly at the Social Service of the Dharma Asri Binjai Nursing Home

Ariwan Selian, Bahagia Loebis, Mustafa M. Amin, Nazli Mahdinasari
2021 Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences  
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common psychiatric problem in the elderly. Suicidal thoughts or recurring thoughts of death are common in people suffering from depression. Depression in the elderly has a very poor prognosis compared to people in other age groups because they have a relatively higher risk of suicide and death. Elderly people in nursing homes is a condition that significantly affects the quality of life and survival and harms the psychology of the elderly, cause stress is due
more » ... ause stress is due to elderly people in nursing homes associated with medical and psychosocial problems such as divorce/widows, poverty, and social isolation. AIM: We aimed to find out the factors that affect the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS 15) score in elderly people at the Social Service of the Dharma Asri Binjai Nursing Home. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional approach to 91 subjects at the Dharma Asri Binjai Nursing Home Social Service starting from June to July 2020 utilizing sampling, namely, simple random sampling. The tests conducted in this study consisted of a bivariate test and a multivariate linear regression test to determine which factors are associated with depression. The measuring instrument used was the GDS 15. RESULTS: After the multivariate test was carried out, the variables that were statistically significant to the total score of depression in the elderly at the Binjai Dharma Asri nursing home were Gender (p < 0.001) and activity of daily living (ADL) Score (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The factors associated with the GDS score of 15 and the occurrence of depression in the elderly were found in the gender variable and the ADL score variable.
doi:10.3889/oamjms.2021.6279 fatcat:6xe6wsryifdstclwkxytzdliv4