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The identification of axillary lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients is a critical factor in determining the stage, deciding the treatment modality, and predicting the prognosis. Over the years, axillary staging has evolved from a radical axillary lymph node dissection to a more conservative sentinel lymph node biopsy. The main goal of axillary imaging techniques is to identify metastatic lymph nodes with optimal accuracy, high enough to initially select patients for an upfront lymphdoi:10.46268/jsu.2020.7.1.1 fatcat:if4qzq3dhveprcyeczhqdt3oxi