Accelerated expansion of the universe driven by tachyonic matter

T. Padmanabhan
2002 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
It is an accepted practice in cosmology to invoke a scalar field with potential $V(\phi)$ when observed evolution of the universe cannot be reconciled with theoretical prejudices. Since one function-degree-of-freedom in the expansion factor $a(t)$ can be traded off for the function $V(\phi)$, it is {\it always} possible to find a scalar field potential which will reproduce a given evolution. I provide a recipe for determining $V(\phi)$ from $a(t)$ in two cases:(i) Normal scalar field with
more » ... ar field with Lagrangian ${\cal L} = (1/2)\partial_a\phi \partial^a\phi - V(\phi)$ used in quintessence/dark energy models. (ii) A tachyonic field with Lagrangian ${\cal L} = -V(\phi) [ 1- \partial_a\phi \partial^a\phi]^{1/2} $, motivated by recent string theoretic results. In the latter case, it is possible to have accelerated expansion of the universe during the late phase in certain cases. This suggests a string theory based interpretation of the current phase of the universe with tachyonic condensate acting as effective cosmological constant.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.66.021301 fatcat:fqzdykluybdb7lqagrhohwl2fi