Study of autonomic functions in young adults of hypertensive and normotensive parents
International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research
Hypertension is a major public health problem worldwide, including India. Nowadays, prehypertension is common in young adults. It has genetic basis and runs in families. Parental history of hypertension increases the risk of developing hypertension, especially if both parents are hypertensive. Cause & effect relation of hypertension & autonomic dysfunction is not clear. Therefore, this study was planned to see autonomic function alterations in young adults of hypertensive parents, if any.
... ents, if any. Methodology: In this study autonomic activity was assessed in students with both parents hypertensive (n= 30), one parent hypertensive (n= 30) and both parents normotensive (n= 30). Resting heart rate and BP was measured for parasympathetic function assessment and rise in diastolic BP with hand grip dynamometer was used for sympathetic function assessment. Results: The study showed no significant difference in resting pulse rate of all the groups. BP was slightly higher in groups with hypertensive parents as compared to a group of normotensive parents, but the difference was statistically insignificant. Statistically significant rise in diastolic BP with handgrip dynamometer was observed in subjects with hypertensive parents. Conclusion: This rise in diastolic BP indicates increased sympathetic activity. Our results showed higher sympathetic activity in those with hypertensive parents. It also confirmed the genetic basis of sympathetic (vasomotor) tone. Young adults having hypertensive parents are at a greater risk of hypertension at an early age. Regular assessment of blood pressure and autonomic function with lifestyle modifications should be recommended to delay onset of hypertension in them.