Tipologías para la Innovación tecnológica en Docentes de Educación Superior a partir de un análisis de conglomerados: un estudio exploratorio

María Luisa Arancibia, Ismael Valdivia, Sebastián Mauricio Araneda, Julio Cabero-Almenara
2017 RED. Revista de Educación a Distancia  
Tipologías para la Innovación tecnológica en Docentes de Educación Superior a partir de un análisis de conglomerados: un estudio exploratorio. María L. Arancibia, Ismael Valdivia, Sebastián M. Araneda y Julio Cabero-Almenara Página 2 de 21 Los resultados también avalan los hallazgos encontrados por diferentes estudios. Palabras Claves Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación, formación del profesorado en TIC, uso de las TIC por los docentes, análisis de conglomerados. Abstract The article
more » ... tract The article analyses the visions that teachers have regarding ICT, and the formative process through which they move to the incorporation of ICT in their professional practice. Specifically, it seeks to "investigate whether there are different typologies of teachers regarding the use of ICTs", and for this purpose a research is carried out with 398 teachers from all the careers and headquarters of the Institution of Higher Education of Chile (INACAP). For the research, an instrument for collecting information, based on the ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Technology and the "perceived utility" and "ease of use" dimensions of the Technological Acceptance Model (TAM), was constructed. The reliability index was obtained by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and reached a value of 0.927. The statistical analysis used was the multivariate clusters. The result of the study allows different contributions, at conceptual, pragmatic and institutional level, as it allows to shape, the decision making both for the acquisition of technologies and for establishing training plans. As regards teacher typology in relation to ICT, four groups were found, two with strong (most early -63%) and medium presence (early adaptation -30%), and two with a weak presence lagging -4% and innovative -3%). The results also support the findings found by different studies. Key Word Information and Communication Technologies, teacher training in ICT, use of ICT by teachers, analysis of conglomerates RED. Revista de Educación a Distancia, Núm. 55, Artíc. 5
doi:10.6018/red/55/5 fatcat:bynwtyf6b5d5fimnnf4pfgc7mq