Metastability of the Chafee-Infante equation with small heavy-tailed Lévy Noise
If equator-to-pole energy transfer by heat diffusion is taken into account, Energy Balance Models turn into reaction-diffusion equations, whose prototype is the (deterministic) Chafee-Infante equation. Its solution has two stable states and several unstable ones on the separating manifold (separatrix) of the stable domains of attraction. We show, that on appropriately reduced domains of attraction of a minimal distance to the separatrix the solution relaxes in time scales increasing only
... reasing only logarithmically in it. Motivated by the statistical evidence from Greenland ice core time series, we consider this partial differential equation perturbed by an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space-valued regularly varying (pure jump) Lévy noise of index alpha and intensity epsilon. A proto-type of this noise is alpha-stable noise in the Hilbert space. Extending a method developed by Imkeller and Pavlyukevich to the SPDE setting we prove under mild conditions that in contrast to Gaussian perturbations the expected exit and transition times between the domains of attraction increase polynomially in the inverse intensity. In Chapter 6 we introduce an additional natural separatrix hypothesis on the jump measure that implies an upper bound on the exit time of a neighborhood of the separatrix. This allows to obtain an upper bound for the asymptotic exit time uniform for the initial positions inside the entire domain of attraction. It is followed by two localization results. Finally we prove that the solution exhibits metastable behavior. Under the separatrix hypothesis we can extend this to a result that holds uniformly in space.