Herman L. Kretschmer
1914 Journal of the American Medical Association  
The removal, under the guidance of the eye, of foreign bodies from the urinary bladder in women, is quite simple, because the short, easily dilatable urethra allows the introduction of a forceps alongside of the cystoscope. In the male, however, this problem is a more difficult one. Heretofore, I have resorted to the use of Young's cystoscopic rongeur. Soon, however, the biting edge of this instrument Fig. I.-Cystoscopic bladder forceps: a modification of Young's rongeur. becomes dull and full
more » ... omes dull and full of nicks, and it is apparent that some modification is necessary in order to employ it for the above\x=req-\ mentioned purpose.
doi:10.1001/jama.1914.25610430002015a fatcat:mfdddjswyfgprgavt25acqotjq