Does socioeconomic status have any influence on success at the national ranking exam?, a prospective survey [post]

Hanane Bouchghoul, Jean-Louis Teboul, Marie-Victoire Senat, Solene Vigoureux
2020 unpublished
Background: The weight of social inequalities during education is a reality. Students of lower socioeconomic status may have less chance of success in higher education, particularly in medical studies. However, the role of students' socioeconomic factors, such as their parents' profession, in their success in the national ranking exam (NRE) has not been studied.Our aim was to investigate the association between socioeconomic factors and success in the national ranking exam among sixth year
more » ... ong sixth year medical students at the Paris-Sud Faculty of Medicine.Methods: This was a prospective survey of all sixth-year medical students at the Paris-Sud Faculty of Medicine, using a questionnaire on socioeconomic factors, which were compared according to NRE rank.Results: Of 172 sixth year medical students, 110 completed the questionnaire. Their ranking ranged from 20 to 7695, with a median of 2815 (interquartile range: 1029-4581). The factors associated with the NRE rank were a high school diploma (baccalauréat) A or B grade, success at the first attempt in the first-year medical examination, and enrollment in the NRE preparatory lectures during the sixth year of medical training (linear regression, p<0.001). The educational status and socio-professional category of the parents were not associated with the NRE rank (linear regression, p=0.92).Conclusion: At the Paris-Sud Faculty of Medicine, there was no association between parental socioeconomic status and sixth year students' success in the NRE.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.14488/v3 fatcat:m3q7b3bjwzbz5jye4ji6tcsaqa