APPROACHES FOR DESIGNING SPACE IN PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITALS BASED ON OBSERVATIONS OF CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS' UTILIZATION OF SPACE AND RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHERS
患者の空間利用特徴および他者との関わり方を通してみた精神科病棟の空間的あり方

Shuang YAN, Chie KODAMA
2013 Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)  
This research takes as it subjects all patients in a hospital being studied. It seeks to understand the factors that contribute to the psychiatric patients' tendencies in selecting space and to how they relate to others through their use of shared space and their observed behaviors. Findings are as follows; 1.The patients' selection of space were affected by "intrinsic elements" such as the type of patients they were and the number of days of their hospital stay, in addition to "extrinsic
more » ... to "extrinsic elements" such as the type of hospital room, the space's continuity with staff stations, and the arrangement of the space. ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.In private hospital rooms, efforts such as staff support and programs are needed so that patients do not become withdrawn. 4.In the case of a hospital ward with multi-bed rooms, arranging space in shared space so that it becomes space where one can be alone is a major issue. 5.Concerning the application of "space hierarchy" in psychiatric hospitals, designing semi-private areas using freer forms without being restricted to clusters will be a challenge going forward. Also, the special stuff support and programs like nursing home with "space hierarchy" for elderly people should be provided.
doi:10.3130/aija.78.1919 fatcat:glikgz4irvbqjlyrle2cixhskq