Control of Porosity in Parts Produced by a Direct Laser Melting Process

Tae Jeon, Tae Hwang, Hye Yun, Chester VanTyne, Young Moon
2018 Applied Sciences  
Recent advances in direct laser melting (DLM) have demonstrated its great potential for manufacturing three-dimensional porous metal parts. Various combinations of powder layering and processing parameters can be set to adjust the porous properties of the final parts. This study presents the effects of powder morphologies and process parameters on porosity formation during DLM. Four types of Fe-powders composed of spherical or non-spherical particles with different sizes were experimentally
more » ... experimentally investigated. Furthermore, the laser processing parameters, such as laser energy density, laser focus, and line spacing, which have a significant effect on the results, were characterized. In the case of a mixed powder composed of spherical and non-spherical powders, the packing density decreases as the non-spherical powder size increases. The porosity of the laser-melted layer increases with the degree of size misfit between the non-spherical and spherical powders. Decreased laser absorption and enlargement of the powder-depleted zone as a result of decreased packing density increases the porosity during DLM. The overall results show that the porosity of DLM parts could be actively controlled by adjusting the process parameters and powder morphologies.
doi:10.3390/app8122573 fatcat:qliksm6gqjfgjbqbhuxjot64lq