Burden of disease, injuries, risk factors and challenges for the health system in Mexico
La carga de enfermedad, lesiones, factores de riesgo y desafíos para el sistema de salud en México

Rafael Lozano, Héctor Gómez-Dantés, Francisco Garrido-Latorre, Aída Jiménez-Corona, Julio César Campuzano-Rincón, Francisco Franco-Marina, María Elena Medina-Mora, Guilherme Borges, Mohsen Naghavi, Haidong Wang, Theo Vos, Alan D Lopez (+1 others)
2013 Salud Pública de México  
To present the results of the burden of disease, injuries and risk factors in Mexico from 1990 to 2010 for the principal illnesses, injuries and risk factors by sex. A secondary analysis of the study results published by the Global Burden of Disease 2010 for Mexico performed by IHME. In 2010, Mexico lost 26.2 million of Disability adjusted live years (DALYs), 56 % were in male and 44 % in women. The main causes of DALYs in men are violence, ischemic heart disease and road traffic injuries. In
more » ... ffic injuries. In the case of women the leading causes are diabetes, chronic kidney disease and ischemic heart diseases. The mental disorders and musculoskeletal conditions concentrate 18% of health lost. The risk factors that most affect men in Mexico are: alcohol consumption, overweight/obesity, high blood glucose levels and blood pressure and tobacco consumption (35.6 % of DALYs lost). In women, overweight and obesity, high blood sugar and blood pressure, lack of physical activity and consumption of alcohol are responsible for 40 % of DALYs lost. In both sexes the problems with diet contribute 12% of the burden. The epidemiological situation in Mexico, demands an urgent adaptation and modernization of the health system.
pmid:24715011 fatcat:hyws74ggnzd7ppmemmqb4huyu4