A Climate Change Vulnerability Index and Case Study in a Brazilian Coastal City

Vitor Zanetti, Wilson de Sousa Junior, Débora De Freitas
2016 Sustainability  
Adaptation to climate change cannot be separated from the climatic conditions and vulnerability of local communities. This study aims to determine the vulnerability of household livelihoods in urban coastal areas to climate variability. This research was conducted in coastal city of Kupang. Community livelihood vulnerability analysis using vulnerability index (LVI and LVI-IPCC). In addition, an analysis of climate variability of rainfall and average temperature from 1988-2017 was also carried
more » ... was also carried out. The results of the study show that climate variability is seen in decreases in rainfall and and increase in surface temperature in the past 30 years. The LVI and LVI-IPCC scores also show the vulnerability of livelihoods on a medium scale in three sample villages. Climate variability in urban coasts can have an impact on coastal communities on the components of livelihood strategies, food, homes and land and water which are generally influenced by climatic factors. Nonvulnerable components such as health support the vulnerable components as part of the adaptation process. How to cite (CSE Style 8 th Edition): Ledoh LY, Satria A, Hidayat R. 2019. Kerentanan penghidupan masyarakat pesisir perkotaan terhadap variabilitas iklim (studi kasus di Kota Kupang). JPSL 9(3): 758-770. http://dx.doi.org/10.29244/jpsl.9.3.758-770. PENDAHULUAN Perubahan iklim berdampak pada pembangunan global terutama wilayah pesisir di Indonesia. Ini terlihat dari kondisi Indonesia yang memiliki 17 504 pulau, panjang garis pantai mencapai 99 093 km serta memiliki 82 190 desa/kelurahan dimana 65 % penduduknya berada di pesisir pantai (WorldBank 2009, BPS 2016 dan BPS 2017). Wilayah pesisir merupakan wilayah yang paling rentan terhadap perubahan iklim. Hal ini disebabkan karena pesisir merupakan wilayah peralihan ekosistem darat dan laut dimana saling mempengaruhi (Dahuri et al. 2001 , Setneg 2007. Walau tidak seragam di setiap daerah, tapi baik itu secara data fisik maupun persepsi masyarakat memperlihatkan terjadi perubahan iklim (De Rozari et al. 1992 , Subair et al. 2014 . Salah satu indikasinya terjadi peningkatan bencana banjir dan gelombang pasang. Berdasarkan data Potensi Desa 2014, bencana yang paling sering terjadi di desa pesisir selama tiga tahun terakhir adalah banjir (23.06 %) dan
doi:10.3390/su8080811 fatcat:xcy742otkzdmbjhkxxxg6yjdzu