Image Retrieval Scheme using Quantized Bins of Color Image Components and Adaptive Tetrolet Transform
In this paper, a three stage hierarchical image retrieval scheme using a color, texture and shape visual contents (or descriptors) is proposed, since single visual content is not produce an adequate retrieval results effectively. This scheme has reduced the searching space during the image retrieval process at a certain extent due to the hierarchical mode. In initial stage, the shape feature descriptor has been computed by simple fusion of histograms of gradients and invariant moments of
... t moments of segmented image planes. The shape based retrieval process has reduced the search space by discarding the non-relevant images from the universal dataset (or original dataset) effectively and kept the retrieved images into the intermediate dataset. In the second stage, the texture feature descriptors have been computed from the intermediate sub-image dataset by applying the adaptive tetrolet transform on image plane of preprocessed HSV color image. This transform provides the multi-resolution images with finer details by employing the tetrominoes and the proper arrangement of tetrominoes contributes the effective local geometry of image plane. The gray level co-occurrence matrix based texture feature descriptor is obtained by computing second order statistical parameters from each decomposed sub-image. At this stage, the most of the irrelevant images are discarded by retrieving the images from intermediate dataset but still some undesired images are left, those will be handled at the last stage. At this stage, fused color information is captured by applying the color autocorrelogram on both the non-uniform quantized color components of the preprocessed HSV color image. Finally, the color feature descriptor produces the desired retrieval results by discarding the irrelevant images from the texture based sub-image dataset. The proposed scheme has also low computational overhead due to the use of three descriptors at different stages separately. The retrieved results show the better accuracy as compared to the other related visual contents based image retrieval schemes. INDEX TERMS Image retrieval, adaptive tetrolet transform, gray level co-occurrence matrix, statistical moments.