COHESION PROCESSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: TENDENCIES AND NEW CHALLENGES
European Integration Studies
Cohesion processes in the European Union, new development tendencies, as well as contemporary challenges for further European integration are analyzed in this theoretical article. Possibilities of activation of the processes of European integration and of the further enlargement of the European Union are discussed. The main attention is paid to the role and priorities of cohesion in the context of needs of the common cultural, social and economic space creation. The article raises and considers
... aises and considers the problem of social, economic and political development, cultural changes, the new tendencies of technological progress and environmental protection, closely associated with the cohesion processes, taking place under the conditions of European integration and the European Union development and enlargement. It is shown that the cohesion processes determine the basic changes in contemporary society and its life in the common cultural, social and economic space in the European Union. It is noted that cohesion and its processes are based on some particular principles and regularities, which reflect the objective nature of cohesion. The main principles of cohesion are formulated and described, the role and significance of these principles are discussed. The main general principles of cohesion, including the principles of 'the communicating vessels', multiplication of new quality standards, innovation and qualitative changes, diversity harmonization, as well as the principles of "the common denominator" and assimilation, are formulated and described. It is also be noted that, in some specific cases of cohesion, specific cohesion principles may be pointed out. The cohesion regularities characterize the main trajectories of cohesion processes, allowing us to determine the dominant cohesion features. The cohesion regularities refer to various cohesion phenomena, including those, reflecting the variety of the cohesion aims and interests of various subjects involved in the cohesion processes, the complexity and inconsistency of these processes, as well as risks, threats and uncertainties, associated with various conditions, in which the cohesion processes take place. In general, the cohesion regularities reflect the processes, associated with application and realization of the cohesion principles. The variety of the cohesion processes is described, new trends of cohesion in the context of globalization and internationalization, knowledge based society and knowledge economy creation processes are identified. Regularities of the cohesion processes in general, as well as of the cohesion processes in the European Union, are described. It is noted that the goal-oriented and effective cohesion is a condition required for successive modernization of the European Union, and the solution of its current economic, social, cultural, scientific and technological development, as well as safety, enlargement and environmental problems.