High Expression of HIF-1α, BNIP3 and PI3KC3: Hypoxia-Induced Autophagy Predicts Cholangiocarcinoma Survival and Metastasis

Suyanee Thongchot, Puangrat Yongvanit, Watcharin Loilome, Wanchana Seubwai, Kutcharin Phunicom, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul, Chawalit Pairojkul, Wisuttiphong Promkotra, Anchalee Techasen, Nisana Namwat
2014 Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention  
Hypoxia and autophagy are known to facilitate tumor progression. We here aimed to investigate the role of hypoxia-associated autophagy in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) survival and metastasis. Immunostaining of hypoxicresponsive proteins (HIF-1α and BNIP3) and a key regulator of autophagy (PI3KC3) were examined in CCA tissues and their expression levels were compared with clinicopathological parameters. A hypoxia mimicking condition (CoCl 2 treatment) was also tested regarding CCA cell functions.
more » ... cell functions. Our results showed that HIF-1α (66%), BNIP3 (44%) and PI3KC3 (46%) showed strong staining in human CCA tissues. Positive expression of HIF-1α (p=0.033), BNIP3 (p=0.040) and PI3KC3 (p=0.037) was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis. HIF-1α was well associated with BNIP3 (r=0.3, p<0.01) and PI3KC3 (r=0.2, p<0.01 ). The survival rates of patients who were positive with HIF-1α (p=0.047) or co-expressed HIF-1α and BNIP3 (p=0.032) or HIF-1α and PI3KC3 (p=0.043) were significantly greater than in the negative groups. CCA cells treated with CoCl 2 showed an increase in HIF-1α, BNIP3, PI3KC3 and LC3-II, with increased cell migration and pFAK levels. These data suggest that hypoxia associated autophagy enhances CCA metastasis, resulting in a poor prognosis of CCA.
doi:10.7314/apjcp.2014.15.14.5873 fatcat:cdx5c5tt4bhl5lfzrcc662fr64