Docking Studies and Antiprotozoal Activity of Secondary Metabolites Isolated from Scrophularia Syriaca Benth. Growing in Saudi Arabia

Abdulsalam A.M. Alkhaldi, Arafa Musa, Ehab M. Mostafa, Elham Amin, Harry P. De Koning
2019 Records of Natural Products  
Phytochemical study of the ethanolic extract of Scrophularia syriaca Benth. was attained by chromatographic and spectroscopic procedures, which resulted in the isolation of eight compounds; 6-O-α-Lrhamnopyranosylcatalpol (1), scropolioside B (2), gmelinoside-L (3), 8-acetyl harpagide (4), scropolioside D (5), scropolioside D2 (6) , quercetin (7) and kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (8). Their antiprotozoal activity was evaluated against Trypanosoma brucei brucei (s427-WT), Trypanosoma brucei brucei
more » ... ma brucei brucei (TbAT1-B48), Leishmania major and Leishmania mexicana. Compounds 2, 5, 7 and 8 exhibited mild to moderate activities against kinetoplastid parasites compared to pentamidine positive control, the mechanism of antiprotozoal activity was investigated using molecular docking studies on the potential target enzyme Trypanosoma brucei glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (TbGAPDH).
doi:10.25135/rnp.19.03.1224 fatcat:uauoqi7dvvgeno3c5qa4hec7yi