The Interplay of Self-Efficacy Sources and Reading Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Metacognitive Reading Strategies

Muhammad Waleed Shehzad, Asst. Prof., corresponding author, English Department, Foundation University Islamabad (FUI), Islamabad, Pakistan, waleed.shehzad@fui.edu.pk, Tahira Anwar Lashari, Sana Anwar Lashari, Md Kamrul Hasan, Assoc. Prof., SEECS, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan, tahiraa.lashari@gmail.com, Dr., School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia, sanalasharisana@gmail.com, Assoc. Prof., English Language Institute, United International University, Bangladesh, mkamrulhasan77@gmail.com
2020 International Journal of Instruction  
The study aimed at identifying the association between Bandura's four hypothesized self-efficacy sources and metacognitive reading strategies by employing reading self-efficacy beliefs as a mediating variable. A correlational research design was used. A total of 188 Saudi EFL learners were selected from five public universities of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by employing proportionate stratified random sampling. Three questionnaires including 'questionnaire for sources of reading self-efficacy',
more » ... self-efficacy', 'reading self-efficacy beliefs questionnaire', and 'survey of reading strategies' were used to collect the data. Structural equation modelling by a statistical software, i.e., PLS 3.0 was utilised in order to test the relationships among variables. Findings provided support for the proposed conceptual framework, disclosing that all the four self-efficacy sources were significantly correlated with reading self-efficacy beliefs. Also, reading selfefficacy beliefs were significantly correlated with metacognitive reading strategies. Lastly, reading self-efficacy beliefs mediated the association between self-efficacy sources and metacognitive reading strategies.
doi:10.29333/iji.2020.13433a fatcat:ye3womyrzngv5apgjzuaa3l4pi