Virginia Health Bulletin, 1916
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
points out that 10 per cent, of the injured coming to a base hospital require some immediate examination or treatment of the eyes or surrounding structures. The most common conditions encountered are contusions and wounds of the eyeball. Less common are traumatic cataracts. In the way of prophylaxis, he believes that shields covering the eyes and temples should be of service if the soldiers will wear them. One of these has been designed by Dr. W. H. Wilmer, of Washington, at the request of the
... the request of the Ordnance Department. He suggests also that each base hospital be equipped to do refractions, and gives a list of eye instruments for an Army case for use in base hospitals. In an appendix he gives six indications for enucleation and four indications for evisceration. This material occupies about fifty-two pages of the small manual. The article by Dr. de Schweinitz on trachoma and common forms of conjunctivitis occupies forty-six pages. It is illus¬ trated with five colored plates as well as black and white pictures. Parker's article on malingerers occupies eight pages. He enumerates the equipment necessary for complete examina¬ tions, and describes the methods of utilizing it for this pur¬ pose. A final appendix lists diseases of the eye and adnexa, eye injuries and eye operations.