Gestational toxoplasmosis in Paraná State, Brazil: prevalence of IgG antibodies and associated risk factors

Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes-Mori, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Laura Helena França de Barros Bittencourt, Renata Cristina Ferreira Dias, Daniela Dib Gonçalves, Jaqueline Dario Capobiango, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche, Helena Kaminami Morimoto, Roberta Lemos Freire, Italmar Teodorico Navarro
2013 Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases  
Prevalence Toxoplasmosis Pregnancy a b s t r a c t The aim of the present study was to verify the association between seropositivity for IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and social, economic and environmental variables of pregnant women attending the public health centers of Paraná, Brazil. From 2226 pregnant women were interviewed and detection of anti-T. gondii specific IgG and IgM antibodies was performed by chemiluminescence test. Seropositivity for anti-T. gondii IgG was observed in
more » ... G was observed in 1151 (51.7%) pregnant women, 29 of which (1.3%) presented IgM reagent with IgG of high avidity. The variables associated with the presence of IgG were residency in the rural area, more than one pregnancy, less than or equal to eight years schooling, low per capita income, age group, raw or poorly cooked meat ingestion, and contact with the soil. There was neither association with raw fruit and vegetable ingestion nor with the presence of cats in the residencies.
doi:10.1016/j.bjid.2012.12.003 pmid:23665010 fatcat:iiwxfzq5ibeiroyiisxesn6dui