Acute Kidney Injury in Hospitalized patients at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital: An aetiological and outcome study [dataset]

Iosr Journals, Emmanuel Edet Effa, Henry Ohem Okpa, Patrick Ntui Mbu, Ezoke James Epoke, Daniel Emmanuel Otokpa
2015 Figshare  
: The burden of Acute Kidney injury in developing countries especially in Sub-Saharan Africa is enormous. The morbidity and mortality appears to be rising despite the availability of dialysis therapy in some parts of Africa. Objective: To determine the causes and the factors that influence outcome of acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients at Design : This was a prospective study of patients with acute kidney injury admitted in UCTH, Calabar over a 12 month period from January 2014 to
more » ... anuary 2014 to December 2014. Data was analysed using SPSS version 18. Results : A total of 1138 patients were admitted with 42 of them developing AKI giving an incidence rate of 3.6%. Eighteen (42.9%) of the participants were males while 24 (57.1%) were females. Age ranged from 11 to 81 years with a mean age of 44.2±17.32 years. The common causes of AKI were septicaemia 20 (47.6%), malignant phase hypertension 7 (16.7%) and hypovolaemia 4 (9.5%).Other causes accounted for the remaining 11 (26.1%). Thirty one (73.8%) had co-morbidities and hypertension 12 (38.7%) was the commonest co-morbid condition. For outcome, 29 (69.0%) of the patients were discharged home while 13 (31.0%) of them died in the hospital. Survivors had more dialysis sessions than those that died (P < 0.05). Conclusion : Septicaemia is the commonest cause of AKI in our centre. In-hospital mortality rate is high. The severity of AKI at presentation and lack of dialysis therapy are contributory factors.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.1384285.v1 fatcat:d6pxu5tbczem5ingduhxb33d2u