Exosomes derived from miR-92a-3p-overexpressing human mesenchymal stem cells enhance chondrogenesis and suppress cartilage degradation via targeting WNT5A
Stem Cell Research & Therapy
WNT5A is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. This study investigated the molecular mechanism of exosomal miR-92a-3p and WNT5A in chondrogenesis and cartilage degeneration. Methods: Exosomal miR-92a-3p expression was assessed in vitro in a human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) model of chondrogenesis and in normal and OA primary human chondrocytes (PHCs). MSCs and PHCs were treated with exosomes derived from MSC-miR-92a-3p (MSC-miR-92a-3p-Exos) or its antisense inhibitor
... anti-miR-92a-3p-Exos), respectively. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and luciferase reporter assay were used to reveal the molecular role of exosomal miR-92a-3p and WNT5A in chondrogenesis. The protective effect of exosomes in vivo was measured using Safranin-O and Fast Green staining and immunohistochemical staining. Results: Exosomal miR-92a-3p expression was elevated in the MSC chondrogenic exosome, while it was significantly reduced in the OA chondrocyte-secreted exosome compared with normal cartilage. Treatment with MSC-miR-92a-3p-Exos promoted cartilage proliferation and matrix genes expression in MSCs and PHCs, respectively. In contrast, treatment with MSC-anti-miR-92a-3p-Exos repressed chondrogenic differentiation and reduced cartilage matrix synthesis by enhancing the expression of WNT5A. Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that miR-92a-3p suppressed the activity of a reporter construct containing the 3'-UTR and inhibited WNT5A expression in both MSCs and PHCs. MSC-miR-92a-3p-Exos inhibit cartilage degradation in the OA mice model. Conclusions: Our results suggest that exosomal miR-92a-3p regulates cartilage development and homeostasis by directly targeting WNT5A. This indicates that exosomal miR-92a-3p may act as a Wnt inhibitor and exhibits potential as a disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug.