Osmanlıdan Günümüze Almanlar İçin Hazırlanmış Yabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Kitapları: Bir Kaynakça Denemesi

Bayram ÖZBAL-
2020 International Journal of Language Academy  
Germans are the leading nation learning Turkish as a foreign language because of missionary, communication, military, political, educational, economic, tourism and immigration reasons. Written by Italian merchants and German monks in the XIV. century, Codex Cumanicus including Cuman-German dictionary can be considered as the first important work in this context. Since then, many books have been prepared for the teaching and learning of Turkish as a foreign language for Germans. The aim of this
more » ... s. The aim of this study is to identify Turkish books as a foreign language prepared for Germans from the Ottoman to the present day and to create a bibliography. In this study in which the qualitative research approach is adopted, the data were collected through literature review. The data were collected under two main headings: Ottoman and Republican periods. 63 works in the Ottoman period and 156 works in the Republican period were identified. The books of which contents are examined were presented in chronological order under different titles (grammars, phrasebooks, textbooks etc.) considering the purposes of writing. The results of the study show that learning Turkish as a foreign language by Germans has a long-standing background and especially due to the increased cooperation between the two countries, the number of Turkish teaching sets, phrasebooks and grammars has increased. As a result, Germans have been learning Turkish as the language of the enemy, friend of the arms, guest, trading partner and the country of travel throughout the history.
doi:10.29228/ijla.40261 fatcat:ikmkicz4xfguzemecvkw5z6h7e