The Geometry of Differential Harnack Estimates

Sebastian Helmensdorfer, Peter Topping
2011 Séminaire de théorie spectrale et géométrie  
In this short note, we hope to give a rapid induction for non-experts into the world of Differential Harnack inequalities, which have been so influential in geometric analysis and probability theory over the past few decades. At the coarsest level, these are often mysterious-looking inequalities that hold for 'positive' solutions of some parabolic PDE, and can be verified quickly by grinding out a computation and applying a maximum principle. In this note we emphasise the geometry behind the
more » ... metry behind the Harnack inequalities, which typically turn out to be assertions of the convexity of some natural object. As an application, we explain how Hamilton's Differential Harnack inequality for mean curvature flow of a n-dimensional submanifold of R n+1 can be viewed as following directly from the wellknown preservation of convexity under mean curvature flow, but this time of a (n + 1)-dimensional submanifold of R n+2 . We also briefly survey the earlier work that led us to these observations.
doi:10.5802/tsg.291 fatcat:mcsa76j335cqld5smzl7ys3gu4