Escherichia coli O157:H7 adherence to HEp-2 cells is implicated with curli expression and outer membrane integrity
Journal of Veterinary Science
Escherichia coli (E. coli) has ability to express thin aggregative fimbriae, known as curli, on the cell surface. Previously, a few example of curli expression in serogroup O157:H7 of enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) were reported, compared to other E. coli groups. However, significance of curliation in the EHEC pathobiology has not been described well in the literature. A highly curliated O157:H7 strain was used in this study in order to elucidate role of curliation in EHEC adherence to
... adherence to cultured HEp-2 cells. The expression of curli in the EHEC isolate was consistent with strong positive indication of Congo-red (CR) binding and formation of clumps in the bottom of the tube containing Luria-Bertani (LB) broth when cultured overnight at 37 o C. A few CR-binding negative (CR-) colonies occurred spontaneously within the population of CR+ isolate. The CR+ EHEC showed massive aggregative adhesion pattern, whereas the spontaneous CR-strain showed typical localized adherence on HEp-2 cells. Electron microscopy confirmed highly curliated bacteria in the CR+ EHEC sample. Interestingly, the curliation disappeared in a msbB1 and msbB2 double mutant derived from the CR+ EHEC. These results suggest that the compromised outer membrane integrity caused by msbB mutations may abrogate curli production in the CR+ EHEC harbouring penta-acylated lipid A structure in their outer membrane.