Labeling Theory and Personal Construct Theory: Toward the Measurement of Individual Variation

Joseph A. Scimecca
1977 Journal of criminal law & criminology  
Labeling theory which, in the early 1960s, began to challenge the functionalist version of anomie as the dominant paradigm in criminological theory,' has recently come in for a spate of criticism. 2 Indeed, the criticisms came so rapidly and were so abundant that by 1973 one writer, Peter Manning, could speak of the exhaustion of labeling as a theory. 3 While the basic criticisms of labeling theory range from the problem of limited applicability to its overemphasis upon official as opposed to
more » ... ial as opposed to unofficial reactions to deviance, 4 two major criticisms stand out above the rest. These are that Labeling Theory has not been empirically validated 5 and that proponents of Labeling Theory have posited a deterministic view of the individual actor in the face of official stigmatization. 6 Both
doi:10.2307/1142426 fatcat:nve6zjosh5ajrdpy5wsufgqhky