Changes in the Nitrogen Budget and Soil Nitrogen in a Field with Paddy–Upland Rotation with Different Histories of Manure Application

Fumiaki Takakai, Takemi Kikuchi, Tomomi Sato, Masato Takeda, Kensuke Sato, Shinpei Nakagawa, Kazuhiro Kon, Takashi Sato, Yoshihiro Kaneta
2017 Agriculture  
In northern Japan, declines in soil nitrogen fertility have occurred in paddy-upland rotation systems with soybean cultivation. A six-year lysimeter experiment was conducted to evaluate the nitrogen budget in paddy-upland rotation (three-year for upland soybean, then three-year for flooded paddy rice) and to clarify the effect of preceding compost application (immature or mature compost over four consecutive years of forage rice cultivation) on the nitrogen budget and soil nitrogen fertility.
more » ... trogen fertility. Available soil nitrogen throughout the experimental period and soybean and rice yields in both compost application plots tended to be higher than those in the control plot. The nitrogen budgets during both soybean and rice cultivation were negative, and the amount of nitrogen loss in both compost application plots tended to be higher than that in the control plot. The nitrogen loss during rice cultivation (−2.3 to −4.3 g N m −2 year −1 ) was less than that during soybean cultivation (−9.6 to −14.6 g N m −2 year −1 ). Nitrogen loss estimated based on the nitrogen budget agreed well with that estimated based on changes in soil nitrogen storage during soybean cultivation but not during rice cultivation, suggesting underestimation of nitrogen loss from the rice paddy.
doi:10.3390/agriculture7050039 fatcat:uo2gej2lu5codasvn5sdwvjfzi