The development of Legal Framework on blood donation and blood safety of China in 24 years [post]

Dajun Gao, Heng Li, Kang Wang
2020 unpublished
BackgroundThis study analyzes the regulations and developments in blood donation from 1996 to 2019 in China, and demonstrate the government's efforts in improving blood safety.ResultsSince the implementation of the Blood Donation Law in 1998, the number of blood donors in China increased by 275% from 1998 to 2018 (from 4 million to 15 million). The principle of no-fault liability was proposed and has been applied since 2010 to the tort liability related to blood transfusion malpractice. In
more » ... alpractice. In 2015, mutual blood donation accounts for 4.2% of the national collection. However, in some provinces of China, the percentage of mutual blood donation increased from 9.3% to 35.6% in 2016. The NHC cancelled mutual blood donation in March 2018. Nucleic acid amplification testing (NAT) has become a routine test item for screening blood since 2015.ConclusionsThe Chinese government institutionalized the voluntary non-remunerated donation principle, enacted regulations for the management of blood transfusion, and adopted advanced blood testing technology to sustain blood supply and ensure blood safety. In spited of increased blood donation, blood shortage persists. Quality and safety of blood collection can be further improved through the cancellation of mutual blood donation and incentive measures for voluntary non-remunerated donation of blood, which needs facilitation by governmental legislation.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-27840/v2 fatcat:yqvzyswkh5aehcm66rkk66smye