Study of Clinical and Biochemical Parameters of Type 2 Diabetic Subjects with Pulmonary Tuberculosis

F Afsana, SNAA Jamil, ZA Latif
2014 BIRDEM Medical Journal  
Aims: Type 2 DM is a global epidemic and recognized as a threat to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) control worldwide especially in developing countries. When tuberculosis is diagnosed in diabetic subjects both can be affected in term of clinical presentation and course of disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate the demographic, clinical and biochemical parameters of newly detected PTB patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Seventy two diabetic subjects with newly detected PTB attending
more » ... PTB attending outpatient department, BIRDEM were studied. Patients with fever, cough, hemoptysis and/or weight loss were interviewed by a structured questionnaire. After thorough clinical examination, blood sugar, complete blood count (CBC), ESR, sputum for bacteriological culture and acid fast bacilli (AFB) (3 samples), X-ray chest were done. The diagnosis of PTB was based on a positive sputum AFB test, a suggestive CBC report or typical radiographic findings with high clinical probability. Diagnosed PTB cases were included in the study. All patients were followed up at least at1st, 3 rd and 6 th month of antitubercular therapy. Result: Mean age of study subjects was 46(19-75) years. The study subjects do not have past history of tuberculosis. Most
doi:10.3329/birdem.v4i1.18545 fatcat:kbcdl3jaj5bide2rshe4zeioui