Fingerprint Voltammograms of Copper Single Crystals under Alkaline Conditions: A Fundamental Mechanistic Analysis [component]

A critical step towards the systematic development of electrocatalysts is the determination of the microscopic structure and processes at the electrified solid/electrolyte interface. The major challenges towards this end for experiment and computations are, respectively, achieving sufficient cleanliness and modelling the complexity of electrochemical systems. In this sense, benchmarks of well-defined model systems are sparse. This work presents a rigorous joint experimental-theoretical study on
more » ... the single crystal (SC) Cu/aqueous interface. Within typical computational uncertainties, we find quantitative agreement between simulated and experimentally measured voltammograms, which allows to unequivocally identify the *OH adsorption feature in the fingerprint region of Cu (110), (100) and (111) SCs under alkaline conditions. We find the inclusion of hydrogen evolution reaction kinetics in the theoretical model to be crucial for an accurate steady-state description which gives rise to a negligible H* coverage. A purely thermodynamic description of the H* coverage through a Pourbaix analysis would incorrectly lead to a H* adsorption peak. The presented results establish a fundamental benchmark for all electrochemical applications of Cu. Graphical TOC Entry 2
doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b03728.s001 fatcat:imhzqcqedrejrmvvw3m7ejbhvu