Human Rights Perspectives on Voluntary Health Workers Nurses Who Work at Government Agencies

Zainal Abidin, Y. Trihoni Nalesti Dewi, Tuntas Dhanardhono
2020 Soepra: Jurnal Hukum Kesehatan  
Nurses as professionals whose existence is recognized by the State have rights that should be fulfilled and protected as professionals and general citizens. The rights that have been guaranteed by various laws and regulations are supposed to remain insufficient to comprehensively accommodate voluntary health worker nurses spreading over the country. Various Indonesian laws and regulations on human rights have guaranteed the rights to work and decent life as well as the rights to recognition,
more » ... to recognition, legal certainty, and legal protection. This study aimed to know about the rights to obtain work and decent life viewed from the human rights perspective besides knowing about the guarantee of recognition, legal certainty, and legal protection to voluntary health worker nurses at Bima City, West Nusa Tenggara Province. This study was conducted at Bima City's General Hospital and Paruga Health Center (Puskesmas). It applied a socio-legal approach and explicative-analytical specification. The datagathering technique was carried out through interviews with informants, The results of this study showed that there was no written legal regulation regarding the procedure of recruiting voluntary health worker nurses in the form of regional regulation nor the Mayor's Decree that could be used as a legal basis for recruiting voluntary health worker nurses. This led to implications of the fulfillment of the rights to the voluntary health worker nurses, especially in the matters of work and decent life beside guaranteed legal recognition, certainty, and protection. PENDAHULUAN Tenaga kesehatan adalah setiap orang yang mengabdikan diri dalam bidang kesehatan serta memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan melalui pendidikan di bidang kesehatan yang jenis tertentu memerlukan kewenangan untuk melakukan upaya kesehatan. Tenaga kesehatan dikelompokkan menjadi beberapa profesi, satu diantaranya adalah tenaga perawat. Perawat merupakan bidang profesi yang memberikan layanan kesehatan berdasarkan ilmu dan kiat keperawatan yang meliputi bidang yang amat luas, mencakup aspek fisik dan psikis, dalam kapasitas individu, hubungannya dengan keluarga, dan sosial. Sementara itu, Keperawatan merupakan upaya pelayanan kesehatan secara profesional yang mana diintegrasikan dalam
doi:10.24167/shk.v6i1.2385 fatcat:ow5fy32klzaf3nw2pfhsynzwie