A glance at molecular mechanisms underlying cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and possible renoprotective strategies: a narrative review

Bashar Adi Wahyu Pandhita, Deliana Nur Ihsani Rahmi, Nielda Kezia Sumbung, Bernardino Matthew Waworuntu, Regina Puspa Utami, Melva Louisa, Vivian Soetikno
2019 Medical Journal of Indonesia  
Cisplatin is a platinum-based drug that is usually used for the treatment of many carcinomas. However, it comes with several devastating side effects, including nephrotoxicity. Cisplatin toxicity is a very complex process, which is exacerbated by the accumulation of cisplatin in renal tubular cells via passive diffusion and transporter-mediated processes. Once cisplatin enters these cells, it induces the formation of reactive oxygen species that cause cellular damage, including DNA damage,
more » ... ng DNA damage, inflammation, and eventually cell death. On a small scale, these damages can be mitigated by cellular antioxidant defense mechanism. However, on a large scale, such as in chemotherapy, this defense mechanism may fail, resulting in nephrotoxicity. The current article reviews the molecular mechanisms underlying cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and possible renoprotective strategies to determine novel therapeutic interventions for alleviating this toxicity.
doi:10.13181/mji.v28i3.2690 fatcat:rovf2lea2vcvfbwnhjgewmlq2a