A glance at molecular mechanisms underlying cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and possible renoprotective strategies: a narrative review
Medical Journal of Indonesia
Cisplatin is a platinum-based drug that is usually used for the treatment of many carcinomas. However, it comes with several devastating side effects, including nephrotoxicity. Cisplatin toxicity is a very complex process, which is exacerbated by the accumulation of cisplatin in renal tubular cells via passive diffusion and transporter-mediated processes. Once cisplatin enters these cells, it induces the formation of reactive oxygen species that cause cellular damage, including DNA damage,
... ng DNA damage, inflammation, and eventually cell death. On a small scale, these damages can be mitigated by cellular antioxidant defense mechanism. However, on a large scale, such as in chemotherapy, this defense mechanism may fail, resulting in nephrotoxicity. The current article reviews the molecular mechanisms underlying cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and possible renoprotective strategies to determine novel therapeutic interventions for alleviating this toxicity.