Abstracts of the Papers Communicated to the Royal Society of London
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... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. INDEX TO VOL. V. ACID, lithic, action of the sun's rays on; conversion of into oxalic, 512. -, liquefaction and solidification of, 541. --, effect of, on the tendrils of plants, 684. Adams (J. C.), Copley medal awarded to, 773. Addington (Mr.), letter from, concerning fall of aerolites, 932. Addison (W.) on some peculiar modifications of the force of cohesion, with reference to the forms and structure of clouds, films and membranes, 560. Aerolites, fall of, on the coast of Barbary, 932. Agar (J.) on the resolution of numerical equations, 515. Air-passages in crocodilia, homologies of, 927. Air, resistance of, to railway trains, 606. Airy (G. B.) on the laws of the tides on the coast of Ireland, &c., 539. -, Royal medal awarded to, 575. Albumen, hydrated deutoxide of, in the urine, 673. -, experiments on the freezing of, 906. Alcohol, absolute, value of, in spirits of different specific gravities, 682. Alexander (Robert), obituary notice of, 488. Alimentary canal, contributions to the physiology of, 784; movements of the stomach in different states ; greatest movement in the filled stomach and in early digestion, pyloric contractions distinguish the one from the other, diverse movement of the food and of the muscles; demonstration by experiment, 785; two currents in the liquefied food, physiology of intestinal obstructions; feecal vomiting produced by a physical cause; inverted movement not caused by antiperistalsis; artificial occlusion by ligature, 786; vomiting induced; development of axial and reversed currents, 787. Alkaline bodies secreted by animals, 560. Alkaloids, artificial,nitrogenous principles of vegetables, the sources of, 840; methods of obtaining, derivable from coal, product obtained from horse-beans, 840; its analysis; devoid of aniline, in common with oil cake and wheat; wood devoid of nitrogenous matter, 841; bearing of the fact on the origin of coal; generation of ammonia always accompanied by formation of volatile organic bases, 842. Alkaloids, indefinite multiplication of, 905. Allen (W.), obituary notice of, 532. Aluminum, compact, account of; fusibi. lity of, 548. Ammonia, solid crystals of, 542. -, analysis and decomposition of the compounds of, 599. -, its conversion into hydrobromate of ethylamine, &c., 905. 'Aioppqora (No. 1), on a case of superficial colour, &c., 547. -(No. 2), on the epipolic dispersion of light, &c., 549. Analysis, new method of, 499. -, general methods in, for the resolution of linear equations in finite differences and linear differential equations, 814. Anrdrews (T.) on the thermal changes accompanying basic substitutions, 497. , royal medal awarded to, 523. , on the heat disengaged during metallic substitutions, 732. Animalcule undescribed, allied to the genus Notommata, 800; description of, development of the young; copulation in the ovisac; circulation and respiration similar to that of insects, 801. Animal heat, miscellaneous observations on, 496. -, independent of the carbon and hydrogen in food, 628. Animals, secretion of carbon by, 509. , education of, 512. Arithmetical series, certain properties of, 852. Arterialization, process of, 677. Atmosphere, vapours of, modify the effect of solar radiation on silver plates coated with iodine, 680. 7* beans, MU; its anaiysis; ctevoia oi aniline, in common with oil cake and wheat; wood devoid of nitrogenous mattei-, 841 ; bearing of the fact oii the origin of coal; generatioii of ammonia always accompanied by formation of volatile organic bases, 842. Alkaloids, indefinite multiplication of, 905. Allen (W.), obituary notice of, 532. Aluminum, compact, account of ; fusibi lity of, 548. Ammonia, solid crystals of, 542. analysis and decomposition of the compounds of, 599. , its conversion into hydrobromate of ethylamine, &c., 905. 'Al.toipowra (No. 1), on a case of super. ficial colour, &c., 547. (No. 2), on the epipolic dispersion of light, &c., 549. Aiialysis, new method of, 499. , general methods in, for the resolu. tion of linear equations in flnite differences and linear differential equations, 814. Aridrews (T.) on the thermal ebanges accompanying basic substitLitions, 497. royal medal awarded to, 523. on the heat disengaged duriiig metallic substitutions, 732. Animalcule undescribed, allied to the genus Notommata, 800; descriptioii of, development of the young; copiilation in the ovisac; circulation and respiratioit similar to that of insects, 801. Animal heat, miscellaneous observations on, 496. .-, independent of the carbon and hydrogen in food, 628. Aiiimals, seei-etion of carbon by, 509. Nov. 30p 1850t 1001. Arithmetical series, certain properties of, 852. Arterialization, process of, 677. Atmosphere, vapours of, modify the effect of solar radiation on silver plates coated with iodine, 680. Atmosphere, retrograde movements in the tides of, 934. --, humid condition of, 990. Atmospheric tide, lunar, 663. Attraction, universal law of, as a particular case of approximation, &c., 831. Aurora borealis seen Nov. 1848, 790; appearance of elliptic ring and radiant beams, meteors visible; disturbance of magnetic needle; red tints caused by the moon's light, 791. --seen Nov. 17, 1848, 809; electrical action during, extraordinary coronary apex, 810; fall of rain and change of wind caused by, 811. --seen at Montreal, Aug. 1849, 911. Azote, ozone a constituent of, 508. Baggs, (I.) on the disruptive discharge of accumulated electricity, and the proximate cause of lightning, 731. Baily (Francis), obituary notice of, 524. Bainbridge (Col.), an account of a protracting pocket sextant, 563. Bakerian lecture, by W. R. Grove, 657. --, by Mr. Faraday, 780, 994. --, by Professor Graham, 897. Bands, seen in the spectrum, theory of, 795, 796. Barlow (Admiral Sir R.), obituary notice of, 527. Barlow, (P.W.), investigation of the power consumed in overcoming the inertia of railway trains, and of the resistance of the air to the motion of railway trains at high velocities, 606. Barlow (W. H.) on the existence of alternating diurnal currents of electricity at the terrestrial surface, &c., and their connection with the diurnal variation of the horizontal magnetic needle, 682; postscript, 727. Barometer, ranges of, on board the Alfred in the river Plate, 509. --, movements of, connexion with winds, 556. -, affected by moon's declination, 560. -, changes in, during moon's passage over the meridian, 663. Barometry, essays on, 548. Bases, metallic, law of development of heat during substitution, 732. --, obtained by putrefaction; volatile organic, always found on the generation of ammonia, 842. Basevi (G.), obituary notice of, 582. Basic substitutions, thermal changes in, 497. Beck (T. S.) on the nerves of the uterus, 562. 1036 INDIEX. species occur, 947 ; distinct typical character of the shells of; area of distribution, three-fifths inhabit the western, two-fifths the eastern hemisphere; equable temperature and abundant vegetable matter most favourable to calcification, 948; distinction between those of different countries, 949. Burnett (Sir W.), on the effects produced by poisonous fish on the human frame, 609. Butter, variation in the acids of, 749. Carapace, development and homologies of; cartilaginous basis of the neural and costal plates developed in the substance of the derlm, 792; those which ossify from independent centres homologous with those of the crocodile, 793. Carbonate of lime, an ingredient of seawater, 828; experiments to test its presence ; most abundant near coasts, 829; incrustation of boilers of steamvessels contains more of sulphate than carbonate, 830. Carbonic acid, a solvent in the process of vegetation, 673 ; conveys certain compounds from the soil into the interior of plants, 674; its decomposition in the leaves of plants, 687. Carbon, secretion of, by animals, 509. -, of gas retorts, applied as the negative plate in the nitric acid voltaic battery; action of, superior to that of platinum; greater cheapness of, 928. Carbonic oxide, produced from carbonic acid, 658. Cardiac fascia, 676. Carlisle (N.), obituary notice of, 706. Carpenter (W. B.) on the mutual relations of the vital and physical forces, 989. Carpue (J. C.), obituary notice of, 638. Cassini (J. D.), obituary notice of, 582. Catalysis, affects phenomena of decomposition of water, 658. Cells, physiology and pathology of phosphate and oxalate of lime, and their relation to the formation of cells; phosphate of lime essential to the formation of cells, its absence a cause of disease, its internal administration curative, artificial production of cells, 979; oxalic acid the solvent of phosphates and cause of disease, 980. Cephalopoda, fossil remains of, 746, 920; three genera of, in the oolite of Wiltshire, 748, 920. Cerotine, formula and analyses of, 755. Cerin, investigation of the properties of, 1038 INDEX.