LiuJ_IssueBrief.pdf [article]

2017
Issue Brief: Latina Women Description: Latina women represent a growing demographic in the United States, and their views and political issues will only become more influential to the country. As a group, Latina women remain disadvantaged politically, socially, and economically, but their status in these areas has been gradually increasing and should continue to do so in the years to come. Key Points:  The Latina demographic is growing in size  Latinas are underrepresented in politics at
more » ... in politics at nearly all levels of government  Latinas, like most other minority groups, tend to lean Democratic  Latina-owned small businesses are the fastest growing of the female-owned small businesses  There is significant pay inequality between Latinas and white men Issue Brief: Approximately 25 million Latina women reside in the United States, and by 2050, Latinas are expected to compose ¼ of the US female population. Latinas belong to several disadvantaged groups, being a racial minority, women, and often socio-economically below average. 25% of Latino households in the US are headed by a single mother, a rate 10% higher than that of white households. Latina immigrants often speaking Spanish at home and immerse themselves in the Hispanic community. For example, 65% of Latinas watch Spanish television news either daily or weekly. The Latina population is also heavily sided towards youth -92% of Latinas under 18 were born in the United States. When it comes to political inclinations, Latinas tend to lean toward the Democratic Party, with 77% of the Latina vote going for Obama's re-election in 2012, and 21% for Romney. For the 2012 House of Representatives election, 78% of Latinas voted for Democrats, while 22% of Latinas voted for Republicans. Latinas are far behind general female representation, and even further behind male representation in politics. Only nine of the 99 women in the 113 th Congress were Latina, and five of those nine women came from California. Of the 74 women in statewide elected offices in the United States, only five are Latina, and four of those five are from New Mexico.
doi:10.7916/d80009pq fatcat:nvzlbc2cmnd45dwohfyjpe75pu