High-Performance Drug Discovery: Computational Screening by Combining Docking and Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Noriaki Okimoto, Noriyuki Futatsugi, Hideyoshi Fuji, Atsushi Suenaga, Gentaro Morimoto, Ryoko Yanai, Yousuke Ohno, Tetsu Narumi, Makoto Taiji, David Case
2009 PLoS Computational Biology  
Virtual compound screening using molecular docking is widely used in the discovery of new lead compounds for drug design. However, this method is not completely reliable and therefore unsatisfactory. In this study, we used massive molecular dynamics simulations of protein-ligand conformations obtained by molecular docking in order to improve the enrichment performance of molecular docking. Our screening approach employed the molecular mechanics/Poisson-Boltzmann and surface area method to
more » ... te the binding free energies. For the top-ranking 1,000 compounds obtained by docking to a target protein, approximately 6,000 molecular dynamics simulations were performed using multiple docking poses in about a week. As a result, the enrichment performance of the top 100 compounds by our approach was improved by 1.6-4.0 times that of the enrichment performance of molecular dockings. This result indicates that the application of molecular dynamics simulations to virtual screening for lead discovery is both effective and practical. However, further optimization of the computational protocols is required for screening various target proteins.
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000528 pmid:19816553 pmcid:PMC2746282 fatcat:axmdksi4djgodkwkf35ofijxla