A New Air–Sea Interaction Gridded Dataset from ICOADS With Uncertainty Estimates

David I. Berry, Elizabeth C. Kent
2009 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
T he ocean surface heat budget comprises radiative and turbulent components: the radiative components are solar shortwave and thermal longwave, both of which are strongly affected by cloud; the turbulent heat flux components are the direct transfer of sensible heat and the evaporative transfer of latent heat. Although direct measurements of the turbulent fluxes are possible, they remain a research activity due to the high cost of the measurements. Measurement of the radiative components is
more » ... components is easier but still challenging on long-term deployments. As a result, global marine flux datasets are typically constructed using bulk estimates of the mean meteorological parameters and flux parameterizations, known as "bulk formulas." Various sources exist for the bulk meteorological parameters, ranging from model output and satellite observations to  A new method of analyzing weather reports from merchant ships leads to improved in situ air-sea heat flux datasets and information about the uncertainty of the flux estimates. Detail of mean sea surface temperature over the period 1973 to 2006. see Fig. 1 for more information.
doi:10.1175/2008bams2639.1 fatcat:cih4e5zcvbfhzn2gkzxhkuvjgy