Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease and diabetic kidney disease in a central Chinese urban population: a cross-sectional survey [post]

2020 unpublished
: This study was conducted to evaluate and update the current prevalence of and risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in China. Methods : From December 2017 to June 2018, a total of 5231 subjects were randomly recruited from 3 communities in 3 districts of Zhengzhou. CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min.1.73m 2 or urinary albumin to creatinine ratio ≥ 30 mg/g (albuminuria). Diabetic subjects with systolic blood
more » ... systolic blood blood pressure > 140 mmHg, albuminuria or an eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 were classified as having DKD. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing lifestyle and relevant medical history, and blood and urine specimens were taken. Serum creatinine, uric acid, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein and urinary albumin were assessed. The age-and sex-adjusted prevalences of CKD and DKD were calculated, and risk factors associated with the presence of reduced eGFR, albuminuria, DKD, severity of albuminuria and progression of reduced renal function were analyzed by binary and ordinal logistic regression. Results : The overall adjusted prevalence of CKD was 16.8% (15.8 -17.8%) and that of DKD was 3.5% (3.0 -4.0%). Decreased renal function was detected in 132 participants (2.9%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.5 -3.2%), whereas albuminuria was found in 858 participants (14.9%, 95% CI: 13.9 -15.9%). In all participants with diabetes, the prevalence of reduced eGFR was 6.3% (95% CI = 3.9 -8.6%) and that of albuminuria was 45.3% (95% CI = 40.4 -50.1%). The overall prevalence of CKD in participants with diabetes was 48.0% (95% CI = 43.1 -52.9%). The results of the binary and ordinal logistic regression indicated that the factors independently associated with a higher risk of reduced eGFR and albuminuria were older age, sex, smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia. Conclusions : Our study shows the current prevalence of
doi:10.21203/rs.2.10157/v4 fatcat:lp4p3k3qpjhobcrfs5ywertwli