Evaluation of Zygosity Diagnosis in Twin Pairs Below Age Seven by Means of a Mailed Questionnaire

B. Bønnelykke, M. Hauge, N. Holm, K. Kristoffersen, H. Gurtler
1989 Acta geneticae medicae et gemellologiae twin research  
AbstractThe mothers of a consecutive series of 125 same sexed pairs of twins aged 6 months to 6 1/2 years completed a mailed questionnaire concerning the physical similarity of the twin partners. Zygosity diagnoses were first determined blindly on the basis of the answers given by the mothers, who did not know the result of the blood group test when fullfilling the questionnaire. Next, the results were compared with the zygosity determination based on examination of erythrocyteserum- and
more » ... groups. It turned out that a few simple questions distinguished well enough between MZ and DZ pairs, with a frequency of misclassification of 4%, leaving 5% as unclassifiable. It is concluded that twin zygosity can be estimated by a simple questionnaire with sufficient accuracy even in very young twin pairs. This has relevant implications for more extensive twin studies where the use of a wide spectrum of serological characters would imply too high expenses.
doi:10.1017/s0001566000002713 pmid:2698574 fatcat:6zwxbtvtafeq3ldndgbz6fvtg4