Glycodelin levels in uterine flushings and in plasma of patients with leiomyomas and polyps: implications for implantation

S. S. Richlin
2002 Human Reproduction  
BACKROUND: Glycodelin, a glycoprotein, is present in both blood plasma and uterine flushings. It has been implicated in the process of implantation and angiogenesis. During the secretory phase, progesterone secretion is related to glycodelin production. METHODS AND RESULTS: We obtained uterine flushings, prospectively, from 47 infertile patients during the proliferative phase. Patients were recruited from our university practice. Transvaginal ultrasound and sonohysterography permitted the
more » ... permitted the stratification of patients into control, leiomyoma or polyp groups. Total plasma and uterine flushing glycodelin was measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Blood was also analysed for progesterone. Uterine flushing glycodelin levels were significantly increased in patients with polyps when compared with controls. An increase in uterine flushing glycodelin levels was noted in patients with leiomyomas compared with controls, though not statistically significant. Plasma glycodelin levels were significantly increased in patients with leiomyomas and polyps when separately compared with controls. There was a significant relationship between plasma glycodelin production and progesterone levels in patients with polyps. CONCLUSIONS: Leiomyomas and polyps are growing tumours and thus produce significant plasma glycodelin levels. Uterine glycodelin flushings are elevated in patients with both polyps and leiomyomas. Elevated glycodelin levels in the follicular and periovulatory period may impair fertilization and implantation.
doi:10.1093/humrep/17.10.2742 pmid:12351556 fatcat:2vmvlxbma5bnzcmf2hhvhzqdie