The prevalence of various clinical forms of the disease and variants of CYP21A2 gene mutations in congenital adrenal cortical dysfunction in children and adolescents in the Republic of Tatarstan
Rossijskij Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii
Сongenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) – is one of the versions of inherited enzymopathy. If it was dedected too late, that can lead not only to some fatal consequences, but to patient's death as well. Neonatal screening of CAH allows to detect the desease promtly and start an immediate therapy in order to prevent difficult complications of the desease and patient's disablement.Aim: Analisys of the frequency of CAH case rate within children in the Republic of Tatarstan (RT) after neonatal
... er neonatal screening and also prevalence rate of different clinic forms of empairments and types of gene CYP21A2's mutations.Methods: Reports of the results of CAH screening by medicogenetic service in RT were analysed. Information about children born, detected cases of CAH was taken from statistic form № 12 "Information on the number of diseases, detected within patient residing in the service area of medical organization, Rosstat" during 2006–2018yrs. Materials for analysis of health clinic of children's CAH were case histories of patient, observed in endocrinology department of GAUZ "Republican children clinic hospital" Ministry of Health of The Republic of Tatarstan (DRKB MZ RT). Molecular-genetic researches were conducted on the basis of Federal state budgetary institution "National medical center for endocrinology" of the Russian ministry of Health. (FGBU "NMIC of endocrinology) of The Russian ministry of Health) with the support of "Alfa Endo" program CAF charity foundation.Results: During 2007–2017 yrs. according to the results of neonatal screening 32 children with CAH were detected. The case rate ranged from 1:5054 to 1:56 598 newborn. The maximum of the disease case in RT was detected in 2016 (11 children). With 24 children molecular-genetic analysis was conducted, as a result 24 gene CYP21A2's mutations were detected in homo- and heterozygotic state. The most widely spread mutation turned to be 12spl, which was found in 45,8% of cases.Conclusion: Conducted analysis confirms the necessity of the further study of the CAH case rate distinctions in different areas and cities of RT, and also upgrade of the organization and performance of the neonatal screening.