Digital image acquisition and processing in medical x-ray imaging

Til Aach
1999 Journal of Electronic Imaging (JEI)  
This contribution discusses a selection of today's techniques and futurc concepts for digital x-ray imaging in medicine. Advantages of digital imaging over conventional analog methods include the possibility to archive and transmit images in digital intormation systems as well as to digitally process pictures before display, for example, to enhance low contrast details. After reviewing two digital x-ray radiography systems for the capture of süll x-ray images, we examine the real time
more » ... real time acquisition of dynamic x-ray images (x-ray fluoroscopy). Here, particular attention is paid to the implications of introducing charge-coupled device cameras. We then present a new unified radiography/fluoroscopy solid-state detector concept. As digital image quality is predominantly determined by the relation of signal and noise, aspects of signal transfer, noise, and noise-related quality measures like detective quantum efficiency feature prominently in our discussions. Finally, we descibe a digital image processing algorithm for the reduction of noise in images acquired with low x-ray dose. @ 19ss SptE and tS&T. [s1 01 7-e909(99) 00401 -8]
doi:10.1117/1.482680 fatcat:x273wwnu75gchovfqnfeoiu3se