A Study on Pullout Test of Root Subjected to Axial Load
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology
Vegetation can enhance the stability of slopes by increasing the shear resistance of the soil. Shear stress applied to the soil matrix is resisted by the pullout strength of the roots via the friction at contact points between the soil and the roots. The effectiveness of root reinforcement depends on interface friction between soil and roots. In this study, tests were carried out on Indigofera amblyantha Craib roots, by measuring resistance as they are pulled out of the soil where the soil has
... where the soil has varying dry densities. The results reveal three phases in the relationship between the pullout force and the slippage of the roots, i.e. (1) steep rise, (2) steep fall, and (3) gradual decline. In the first phase, the pullout force is increasing sharply and linearly up to a maximum when the slippage is about 10mm. With continued slippage, the required pullout force decreases significantly and nonlinearly in up and down fluctuations. Eventually, the pullout force reaches zero. For soil with a given dry density, the maximum pullout force increases linearly with increasing root diameter, and the correlation coefficient is greater than 0.9. Further, for a root with a given diameter, the maximum pullout force increases with increasing soil dry density. When the root breaks on pulling, it is called tensile failure; when the root is fully pulled out, it is called friction failure. The mode of failure for all roots is friction failure, for soil with dry densities of 1.35 g/cm 3 , 1.45 g/ cm 3 , and 1.55 g/cm 3 . For soil with a dry density of 1.65 g/cm 3 , and root diameter under 0.716 mm, the observed failure mode is generally tensile; for diameters over 0.716 mm, the failure mode changes to friction; that is, thin roots break, thick roots get pulled out.