A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2020; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
This article traces the long historical background of the nineteenth-century European notion of the Malay as a human "race" with an inherent addiction to piracy. For most of the early modern period, European observers of the Malay Archipelago associated the Malays with the people and diaspora of the Sultanate of Melaka, who were seen as commercially and culturally accomplished. This image changed in the course of the eighteenth century. First, the European understanding of the Malay wasdoi:10.3390/h9030091 fatcat:4jenrtwkebcuhifz7qdykqt5yq