Formation of intermetallic phases during solidification in Al-Mg-Mn 5xxx alloys with various Mg levels
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In the present study, four Al-Mg-Mn 5xxx alloys with different Mg levels (2-5 wt.%) were investigated for better understanding the evolution of intermetallic phases formed during solidification. Optical and scanning electron microscopes, electron backscattered diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry analyses in combination with thermodynamic calculation were used to identify various intermetallic phases. Results showed that the most dominant intermetallic phases are Al6(Mn,Fe),
... Al6(Mn,Fe), α-Al(Fe,Mn)Si, Al3Fe, Alm(Mn,Fe) and Mg2Si in experimental Al-Mg-Mn alloys, which is greatly dependant on the Mg levels. It is found that Chinese script α-Al(Fe,Mn)Si is the dominant iron-rich intermetallic phase for the alloys containing 2-3 wt.% Mg, while blocky Al6(Mn,Fe) and needle-like Al3(Mn,Fe) become the major phases for the alloy containing 4 wt.% Mg. Further increasing Mg content to 5 wt. %, the dominant phase transfers to blocky Al6(Mn,Fe) intermetallic. Meanwhile, the morphology of primary Mg2Si is changed from well-branched to plate-like with increasing Mg contents. In addition, β-Al3Mg2 and τ-Al6CuMg4 eutectic phases have been observed in the alloys with 3-5 wt. % Mg. A comparison on various intermetallic phases from the Scheil simulation and the actual as-cast microstructure is provided.