Hybrid Variable Fidelity Optimization by Using a Kriging-Based Scaling Function

Shawn E. Gano, John E. Renaud, Brian Sanders
2005 AIAA Journal  
Solving design problems that rely on very complex and computationally expensive calculations using standard optimization methods might not be feasible given design cycle time constraints. Variable fidelity methods address this issue by using lower-fidelity models and a scaling function to approximate the higher-fidelity models in a provably convergent framework. In the past, scaling functions have mainly been either first-order multiplicative or additive corrections. These are being extended to
more » ... e being extended to second order. In this investigation variable metric approaches for calculating second-order scaling information are developed. A kriging-based scaling function is introduced to better approximate the high-fidelity response on a more global level. An adaptive hybrid method is also developed in this investigation. The adaptive hybrid method combines the additive and multiplicative approaches so that the designer does not have to determine which is more suitable prior to optimization. The methodologies developed in this research are compared to existing methods using two demonstration problems. The first problem is analytic, whereas the second involves the design of a supercritical high-lift airfoil. The results demonstrate that the krigingbased scaling methods improve computational expense by lowering the number of high-fidelity function calls required for convergence. The results also indicate the hybrid method is both robust and effective.
doi:10.2514/1.12466 fatcat:j3bk45vadfgp5a2ssmkvvcnkhi