Unique Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences SEROPREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS B & C CO-INFECTION AMONG HIV REACTIVE PATIENTS IN SECUNDERABAD & THE ADJOINING AREAS
Unique Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences
Context: HIV reactive patients from a tertiary care hospital Aims: To know the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B & C co-infection among HIV reactive patients. Methods and Material: About 200 serum samples which were received in the microbiology department from 1 st January 2011 to 30 th June 2011 and were found reactive for HIV, were tested for HBV and HCV. For HBV the marker used was HBsAg which was tested by rapid immunochromatography test and for anti HCV antibodies SD BIOLINE HCV rapid test and
... HCV rapid test and ERBA HCV ELISA were used. Results: Out of 200 HIV reactive serum samples tested, HBsAg was detected in 24 samples showing 12% positivity and in 12 serum samples HCV antibody was detected by ELISA showing 6% positivity. 3 (1.05%) samples showed both HCV antibody & HBsAg positivity. Out of 24 HBsAg positive samples 18 were in the age group of 30-40yrs and out of 12 HCV positive samples 8 were in the age group of 30-40. Conclusion: HIV infected patients have high probability of getting HBV/HCV infection due to enhanced immunodeficiency by HIV. Thus routine screening of HIV infected patients for concurrent infection with HBV & HCV should be made mandatory because it would aid in prompt diagnosis and treatment with improved outcomes in these patients, which in turn may decrease the further spread of these chronic viral infections.