Effect of superabsorbent polymer on mechanical properties of cement stabilized base and its mechanism
Transportation Safety and Environment
Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) are cross-linked polymers that can absorb and retain large amounts of water. In recent years, a growing interest was seen in applying SAPs in concrete to improve its performance due to its efficiency in mitigating shrinkage. This paper presents findings in a study on effect of SAPs on performance of cement-treated base (CTB), using the experience of internal curing of concrete. CTB specimens with and without SAPs were prepared and tested in the laboratory. Tests
... laboratory. Tests conducted include mechanical property testing, dry shrinkage testing, differential thermal analysis, mercury intrusion porosimetry and scanning electron microscope testing. It was found that 7-day and 28-day unconfined compressive strength of CTB specimens with SAPs was higher than regular CTB specimens. 28d compressive strength of CTB specimens with SAPs made by Static pressure method was 5.87 MPa, which is 27% higher than that of regular CTB specimens. Drying shrinkage of CTB specimens with SAPs was decreased by 52.5% comparing with regular CTB specimens. Through the microstructure analysis it was found that CTB specimens with SAPs could produce more hydration products, which is also the reason for the strength improvement.