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X-efficiency is a non-allocative form of efficiency first introduced by Harvey Leibenstein in 1966. The degree of x-efficiency is measured by the deviation of a firm's costs of production from the technologically minimum costs of production. X-efficiency theory predicts that firms will produce closer to their cost function when they face pressure to do so. In this paper we review studies of X-efficiency among Chinese banks. These studies include the effect of ownership form, ex., state-owneddoi:10.4236/jss.2015.33013 fatcat:q4tlqjurv5ghnn4hogyg44hjiu