The response of seagrass (Posidonia oceanica) meadow metabolism to CO2 levels and hydrodynamic exchange determined with aquatic eddy covariance

Dirk Koopmans, Moritz Holtappels, Arjun Chennu, Miriam Weber, Dirk de Beer
2018 Biogeosciences Discussions  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> We investigated light, water velocity, and CO<sub>2</sub> as drivers of primary production in Mediterranean seagrass (<i>Posidonia oceanica</i>) meadows and neighboring bare sands using the aquatic eddy covariance technique. Study locations included an open-water meadow and a nearshore meadow, the nearshore meadow being exposed to greater hydrodynamic exchange. A third meadow was located at a CO<sub>2</sub> vent. We found that, despite the oligotrophic environment,
more » ... the meadows had a remarkably high metabolic activity, up to 20 times higher than the surrounding sands. They were strongly autotrophic, with net production half of gross primary production. Thus, <i>P. oceanica</i> meadows are oases of productivity in an unproductive environment. Secondly, we found that turbulent oxygen fluxes above the meadow can be significantly higher in the afternoon than in the morning at the same light levels. This hysteresis can be explained by the replenishment of nighttime-depleted oxygen within the meadow during the morning. Oxygen depletion and replenishment within the meadow do not contribute to turbulent O<sub>2</sub> flux. The hysteresis disappeared when fluxes were corrected for the O<sub>2</sub> storage within the meadow and, consequently, accurate metabolic rate measurements require measurements of meadow oxygen content. We further argue that oxygen-depleted waters in the meadow provide a source of CO<sub>2</sub> and inorganic nutrients for fixation, especially in the morning. Contrary to expectation, meadow metabolic activity at the CO<sub>2</sub> vent was lower than at the other sites, with negligible net primary production.</p>
doi:10.5194/bg-2018-199 fatcat:x6rerem5brbsdb5fsnkie5bk2e