An Artemisia WD40-Repeat Gene Regulates Multiple Cellular Functions in Arabidopsis
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines
In this study, we isolated a WD40-repeat gene from Artemisia annua glandular trichomes. This gene shows 69.97% sequence similarity to Arabidopsis TTG1 at aminoacid level. Sub-cellular localization study shows that AaWD40 protein diffuses in both cell nucleus and cytosol. The correct nuclear localization of AaWD40 was observed when co-expressed with AabHLH, a putative A. thaliana AtTTG1 homologue cloned from Artemisia annua glandular trichomes. When AaWD40 gene was ectopically over expressed in
... over expressed in Arabidopsis transparent testa glabrous1-1 (ttg1-1) mutants of A. thaliana, PAs production in seeds was restored, and the trichomeless phenotypes of mutant were rescued. Real-time PCR analysis results revealed that ETC1, CPC, TTG2 and BAN (the downstream targets of AtTTG1 depend on regulatory complex), which regulate the epidermal differentiation and anthocyanin biosynthesis were differentially expressed as a result of AaWD40 over expression. Furthermore, the CLV1, CLV2, CLV3 and WUS, which are required to maintain the stem-cell niche of Arabidopsis shoot apex, were also modulated by AaWD40 and Arabidopsis TTG1. The transcriptions of AP2/ERF, bHLH, MYB, WRKY and NACs family proteins, which are mostly involved in defense, stress response and development regulation, were remarkably modulated by AaWD40 over expression. We hypothesize that WD40 repeat proteins act as a crucial factor in regulating a wide variety of cellular functions in A. thaliana.