Don't Be Greedy: Leveraging Community Structure to Find High Quality Seed Sets for Influence Maximization [chapter]

Rico Angell, Grant Schoenebeck
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We consider the problem of maximizing the spread of influence in a social network by choosing a fixed number of initial seeds -a central problem in the study of network cascades. The majority of existing work on this problem, formally referred to as the influence maximization problem, is designed for submodular cascades. Despite the empirical evidence that many cascades are non-submodular, little work has been done focusing on non-submodular influence maximization. We propose a new heuristic
more » ... solving the influence maximization problem and show via simulations on real-world and synthetic networks that our algorithm outputs more influential seed sets than the state-of-the-art greedy algorithm in many natural cases, with average improvements of 7% for submodular cascades, and 55% for non-submodular cascades. Our heuristic uses a dynamic programming approach on a hierarchical decomposition of the social network to leverage the relation between the spread of cascades and the community structure of social networks. We verify the importance of network structure by showing the quality of the hierarchical decomposition impacts the quality of seed set output by our algorithm. We also present "worst-case" theoretical results proving that in certain settings our algorithm outputs seed sets that are a factor of Θ( √ n) more influential than those of the greedy algorithm, where n is the number of nodes in the network. Finally, we generalize our algorithm to a message passing version that can be used to find seed sets that have at least as much influence as the dynamic programming algorithms.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-71924-5_2 fatcat:6k3lduauq5h4rfl5nchgm45eyq